On the thirteenth of January, the Amazigh celebrates the Amazigh New Year, which dates back to 2966, and marks the day of the victory of the Amazigh king of the Amazigh Pharaoh Ramses II and the founding of the 22nd Pharaonic Dynasty in 950 BC , Which continued to rule Egypt for nearly two hundred years. He worked to unify Egypt and extend its influence to Palestine and Lebanon.
The name Amazigh refers to the word “Mazig” or “Imzigen” means the free or rebellious man who can not be enslaved, but the name Berber is a common mistake that the word Berber is a Roman word was called on all foreign peoples living around the Roman kingdom, whatever its identity, The Amazigh New Year’s Day in January is a word composed of “yen” meaning “I” and “May” in the sense of a month. It also means “first word” and is said to mean “in the beginning was the word”. And where they live their rituals and customs, which all refer to the request for fertility and development and Good, and their religion was idolatrous in the past ages and then moved to Judaism and then Christianity and remained long before they mastered Islam after the conquests.
It is strange that the Arabs do not know much about the Amazighs, even though they are among the peoples that coexist with them. They are the indigenous people of North Africa. They founded a rich civilization and strong kingdoms throughout history, most notably the Nodid kingdom ruled by King Massinissa. Amazigh history is also rich in names of kings, Historically, they included Queen Dehya, Prince Kassila, King Seifax, Jaya, Yuba I and Yuba II. The latter was associated with Princess Selena and established a strong council and a strong army that took care of the arts and culture.
The Amazigh language is part of the Afro-Asian languages, while other scholars consider it a language of its own, and differ from it being a Semitic language, and there is a hypothesis linking it to Sumerian and some to the Kushite, that is, found before all the Semitic languages to be more than ten thousand years old It is worth mentioning that in 2012 a study published in the journal Paul Wan identified the Amazigh genes were isolated about 18,000 years ago, and other scientists have isolated Amazigh DNA “E1B1B” which is different from Arab DNA “C” , Leaving the hypothesis of a relative Between the Amazigh and the Arabs, and reinforced the assumptions of Ibn Khaldun and European scientists, some of whom argued that the Amazigh are descended from the Aegean Sea, and others said they are from northern Europe.
German scientists at the time of Hitler declared that the Amazigh people were “Aryan” people to whom the Germans belonged and who considered them to be pure and high-class descendants of the human race. This is probably due to the similar anthropological characteristics of the Amazigh and Germans in terms of the prevalence of blond hair and colored eyes , And a study on the skull of the chromosomes and conducted by the world Henry Valois in 1944 confirmed the relationship between the genes of Amazigh and modern European man.
The number of amazighs in the world is currently around 55 million. They are distributed among minorities that are concentrated in Algeria, Morocco and even in the Egyptian Siwa Oasis. They depend on agricultural crops and handicrafts, which are headed by the silver industry, the holy material that surpasses gold in the popular heritage The Amazigh women in the eastern Bejaia region, for example, only wear silver jewelery encrusted with corals extracted from the sea. These pieces are considered to be art objects in their own right and are believed in local mythology to lead to good, growth, fertility and happiness.
Women occupy a prominent place in social classification and are often characterized by strong personalities and leadership. They are responsible for the preservation of heritage and identity through their traditional decorations, the agro-pottery industry and the collection of olive crops, which is the main crop and makes olive oil.
There are differences between the various Amazigh regions in North Africa in terms of dress, interest, race, and even inheritance because of the different degrees of their interaction with the surrounding society. But the common denominator between them all remains the historical identity that unites them and reminds them of their deep roots in history Which they recall on this day every year to celebrate “January”.